Data and Statistics | Asian Development Bank

Data and Statistics

Data and statistical analysis in the Asia and Pacific region contributes to knowledge generation in ADB, helping strengthen its institutional priorities and operational effectiveness in its developing member countries.

In the Spotlight


Basic Statistics 2020

Basic Statistics 2020 presents development indicators for 46 economies in Asia and the Pacific, including new data on economic, environmental, and social indicators used globally to track progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals.

News Release

COVID-19 Economic Impact Could Reach $8.8 Trillion Globally — New ADB Report

The global economy could suffer between $5.8 trillion and $8.8 trillion in losses—equivalent to 6.4% to 9.7% of global GDP—as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, says a new report released by ADB today.


ADB COVID-19 Policy Database

Find out about the policy measures and the funding sources that ADB members have undertaken to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

Read on the Data Library - Key Responses to COVID-19 by the Asia-Pacific Economies: An Update from the ADB COVID-19 Policy Database 


Asian Development Outlook 2020 Supplement: Lockdown, Loosening, and Asia’s Growth Prospects

This publication provides updated economic forecasts for Asia and the Pacific, taking into consideration the impact of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

  ADB Data Library

The ADB Data Library is the central store for all of ADB's public data. Browse data, view visualizations and interact with APIs.

  Key Indicators Database (KIDB)

KIDB is ADB's central statistical database for macroeconomic and social indicators from across Asia and the Pacific.

Financing Infrastructure

Hefty infrastructure needs of $26 trillion from 2016-2030 means Asia and the Pacific needs to find new ways to attract investment. These could include more private financing, infrastructure bonds, or capturing the value of higher land prices.

Poverty and Social Statistics: Asia and the Pacific

Proportion and Number of People Living in Extreme Poverty

In developing Asia, the percentage of people living in extreme poverty—as measured by surviving on less than $1.90 per day at 2011 purchasing power parity—fell significantly in the early part of the new millennium, from 33.7% in 2002 to 7.0% in 2015. In absolute terms, this represented a decline from 1.11 billion people in extreme poverty to 264 million. The overwhelming majority of this decline occurred in East Asia (from 409 million people to 10 million) and South Asia (from 505 million to 202 million).

  Key Indicators Database: SDGs   View publication

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2019

Proportion of Seats Held by Women in National Parliaments

Sustainable development and societies in general can be strengthened by providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes. Unfortunately, no economy in Asia and the Pacific was even remotely close to 50% representation of women in their national parliaments in 2018. In fact, only 3 of the 45 economies with available data had female parliamentary representation exceeding 30%: New Zealand (38.3%), Nepal (32.7%), and Timor-Leste (32.3%). A threshold of 15% for women’s representation was surpassed in only 25 of the 45 economies reporting in 2018, while 13 economies failed to achieve a 10% threshold.

  Key Indicators Database: SDGs   View publication

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2019

Adoption and Implementation of National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies in Line with the Sendai Framework

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015–2030 recognizes the state (central government) as having primary responsibility for reducing disaster risk, while also sharing this responsibility with local governments, the private sector, and other stakeholders. The framework can help governments substantially reduce disaster risk and minimize the loss of lives, livelihoods, and health as may be experienced as a result of natural disasters.

3 of the 15 economies achieved a score of 1.0 in 2018, indicating comprehensive alignment with the framework. Another 8 economies had a score of 0.5 or higher, reflecting at least a moderate alignment with the framework.

  Key Indicators Database: SDGs   View publication

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2019

Proportion of Urban Population Living in Slums

Lack of access to basic services is a common constraint in informal settlements and slums, contributing to the persistence of poverty and posing a challenge for sustainable and inclusive urbanization. The UN estimates that about one-quarter of all urban residents, or 1 billion people, live in slums, with an additional 600 million living in inadequate housing.

Among the 13 reporting economies, the largest reductions in the percentage of the urban population living in slums over the review period were in the Lao PDR (58.5 percentage points), Viet Nam (34.4 percentage points), and Cambodia (31.2 percentage points), with an increase of 11.0 percentage points noted in Myanmar.

  Key Indicators Database: SDGs   View publication

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2019

Time Required to Start a Business in Asia and the Pacific

Reducing the amount of time required to start a business can act as an incentive to entrepreneurial activity. Shorter start-up times are associated with simplified registration procedures and reduced opportunities for bribes (World Bank 2019).

The largest reductions from 2015 to 2018 were achieved in Timor-Leste (154 days), Brunei Darussalam (116 days), and Azerbaijan (109.5 days). The three most populous economies of the region achieved significant reductions in the number of days required to start a business between 2013 and 2018 for which data are available—the People's Republic of China (from 32.4 to 8.6 days), India (from 32.7 to 16.5 days), and Indonesia (from 75.5 to 19.6 days).

  Key Indicators Database: Regional Tables   View publication

Source: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2019

ADB Corporate Data

Cumulative Lending, Grant, and Technical Assistance Commitments by Member Country

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Source: ADB Country Fact Sheets

ADB Commitments, 2018 (Ordinary Capital and Concessional Resources)

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Source: ADB Annual Report 2018

Project Performance, 2000-2018

Performance of ADB projects and programs based on the assessment of its Independent Evaluation Department.

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Source: 2018 Annual Evaluation Review

Projects Cofinanced, 2014–2018

Cofinancing operations enable ADB’s financing partners, governments or their agencies, multilateral financing institutions, and commercial organizations to participate in financing ADB projects. Additional funds are provided in the form of official loans and grants, technical assistance, other concessional financing, and commercial cofinancing such as B loans, risk transfer arrangements, parallel loans and equity, guarantee cofinancing, and cofinancing for transactions under ADB’s Trade Finance Program.

Climate Change Financing at ADB

Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability is a priority of ADB's new Strategy 2030. ADB is committing $80 billion in climate finance cumulatively between 2019 and 2030, and is ensuring that at least 75% of its projects will address climate change mitigation and adaptation by 2030.

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